A slightly longer "nutshell" summary For the most part, Wikipedia has similar strengths and weaknesses to any other encyclopedia.
Equally, when it comes to assessment, the people reading your assignments will feel the same about your writing! A lot of students feel that their style is not sophisticated or "academic" enough, and try to complicate their sentence structure and vocabulary in order to make the writing sound "more impressive".
However, your lecturers and tutors will be far more impressed by your ability to respond to assignment topics in language that is clear, coherent, well-structured and accurate. To meet the requirements of appropriate academic writing, your style should be formal rather than conversational.
That is, avoid slang and contractions conversational forms like isn't, it's, or would've instead of the "written" forms is not, it is, or would have. In Arts and Social Sciences subjects many of your assignments will take the form of essays. You need to put the ideas you are reading in your sources into your own words.
This may seem strange and difficult at first, especially if the information is complex, but there are good reasons for paraphrasing. Every writer has their own style and your writing will flow more smoothly if all of the sentences are written in your own natural style.
Use specific terminology where appropriate A machine was used to see how big the site was. A theodolite was used to measure the size of the site. Be careful with words like 'it' and 'they'. Sometimes it is better to be specific about what it is or they are. After a while it went up.
In my opinion, up until the present time, it seems relatively unclear as to which will, in the long run, emerge as the best method of sampling to use in order to obtain the desired results in the shortest possible time.
It is not known which sampling technique is the most efficient. Be Formal — avoid personal, emotional and colloquial everyday language It is advisable to avoid using personal language, particularly pronouns which refer to the reader e. Academic writing is addressed to any reader, not just the ones you know.
If you want to improve this survey, you should increase the sample size. Every day, more and more electronic stuff is chucked out and ends up in the tip. It will be a tragedy if these incredible sites are lost to the world forever.
As this essay will prove, Bloggs is biased and blatantly wrong. The way we structure texts depends on our culture. The following points apply to all writing you do at university in Australia: Order points logically It is very difficult to make a piece of writing flow well if the ideas are not presented logically.
Order points for discussion at the planning stage of your writing. Make sure you have one main unifying idea per paragraph and that the ideas within the paragraph lead logically from one to the next. Take note of the order of paragraphs so that there is a logical progression from one main idea to the next, making clear links between your ideas.
Where possible, linking words and expressions should indicate the relationship between ideas. The table below gives a brief list of linking words and expressions. Note that this is not intended to be a complete listing of all the linking words and phrases available for use in assignments.
The examples provided here are some of the ones more commonly used in the Humanities and Social Sciences. The essay writing process More often than not, the written assessment you undertake in Arts and Social Sciences subjects will take the form of an essay.
No matter what field of study you are engaged in, the same basic process can be used to plan and write your essay.
This process can be divided into six steps, which are described in more detail below: Analyse the topic This is not just a matter of noticing the instruction words compare, evaluate, etc.
So you need to ask yourself: What overall questions or ideas give rise to the particular question you are writing on?
How will you show, in your essay, that you understand the context relating to your question? Most assignments in the Arts and Social Sciences want you to consider how a general idea or theory or more than one applies to a specific example of whatever phenomenon you are studying.
You will need to explain what that idea or theory is, then You need to show how it relates to the example s you or your tutor have chosen for analysis.
See the section Understanding topics for more information. Research the topic A well-written essay is well researched, this means you have to:When writing an essay, report, dissertation or other piece of academic work the key to referencing is organisation, keep notes of the books and journal articles you have read, the websites you have visited as part of your research process.
It is of vital importance, in short. The entire point about academic writing is that you need to be able to show where your ideas (or data, results and so on) come from. 1. Accurate referencing is a key component of good academic practice and enhances the presentation of your work: it shows that your writing is based on knowledge and informed by appropriate academic .
References should always be accurate, allowing your readers to trace the sources of information you have used. The best way to make sure you reference accurately is to keep a record of all the sources you used when reading and researching for an assignment.
This page is intended to provide additional information about concepts in the page(s) it supplements. This page is not one of Wikipedia's policies or guidelines, as . This essay will discuss the four reasons why referencing is important in academic writing. The first reason is to trace the origin ideas and identify the .