Comparison Between Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison Between Egypt and Mesopotamia 12 December Egypt Comparison Essay Leith Kusmider Before the modern civilizations we all live in came to be as they are today, countless others have risen and fallen before our time. No two civilizations are exactly the same, but they all do what is necessary to survive and thrive. Many find survival through military power while others find it through trade or an agriculturally based economy.
Besides Mesopotamia, a second civilization grew up in northeastern Africa, along the Nile River. Egyptian civilization, formed by B. Because its values and its tightly knit political organization encouraged monumental building, we know more about Egypt than about Mesopotamia, even though the latter was in most respects Mesopotamia and egypt compared essay important and richer in subsequent heritage.
Basic Patterns Of Egyptian Society Unlike Mesopotamia and the Middle East, where an original river-valley basis to civilization ultimately gave way to the spread of civilization throughout an entire region, Egyptian civilization from its origins to its decline was focused on the Nile River and the deserts around it.
The Nile focus also gave a more optimistic cast to Egyptian culture, for it could be seen as a source of never- failing bounty to be thankfully received, rather than a menacing cause of floods.
Egyptian civilization may at the outset have received some inspiration from Sumer, but a distinctive pattern soon developed in both religion and politics.
Farming had been developed along the Nile by about B.
Read Comparison Between Mesopotamia and Egypt free essay and over 88, other research documents. Comparison Between Mesopotamia and Egypt. Ancient Civilization thrived in the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Each had its own distinct views on the social, political, /5(1). Mesopotamia and Egypt Comparison Essay Words Dec 6th, 5 Pages Known as one of the earliest civilizations, Mesopotamia and Egypt both share set amounts of similarities along with a share of striking distinctions. Compare and Contrast: Egypt and Mesopotamia essaysThroughout the history of the earth, man has evolved from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people we are today. Studying this progression, we come upon many fascinating places, things, and peoples. The most prominent development, in m.
This economic acceleration provided the basis for the formation of regional kingdoms. Unlike Sumer, Egypt moved fairly directly from precivilization to large government units, without passing through a city-state phase, though the first pharaoh, Narmer, had to conquer a number of petty local kings around B.
Indeed Egypt always had fewer problems with political unity than Mesopotamia did, in part because of the unifying influence of the course of the Nile River.
By the same token, however, Egyptian politics tended to be more authoritarian as well as centralized, for city-states in the Mesopotamian style, though often ruled by kings, also provided the opportunity for councils and other participatory institutions. Narmer, king of southern Egypt, conquered the northern regional kingdom and created a unified state miles long.
This state was to last years. Despite some important disruptions, this was an amazing record of stability even though the greatest vitality of the civilization was exhausted by about B.
During the year span in which Egypt displayed its greatest vigor, the society went through three major periods of monarchy the Old, the Intermediate, and the New Kingdomseach divided from its successor by a century or two of confusion.
In all its phases, Egyptian civilization was characterized by the strength of the pharaoh.
The pharaoh was held to be descended from gods, with the power to assure prosperity and control the rituals that assured the flow of the Nile and the fertility derived from irrigation.
Soon, the pharaoh was regarded as a god. Much Egyptian art was devoted to demonstrating the power and sanctity of the king. Governors were appointed for key regions and were responsible for supervising irrigation and arranging for the great public works that became a hallmark of Egyptian culture.
Most Egyptians were peasant farmers, closely regulated and heavily taxed. Labor requisition by the states allowed construction of the great pyramids and other huge public buildings. These monuments were triumphs of human coordination, for the Egyptians were not particularly advanced technologically.
They even lacked pulleys or other devices to hoist the huge slabs of stone that formed the pyramids.
Given the importance of royal rule and the belief that pharaohs were gods, it is not surprising that each of the main periods of Egyptian history was marked by some striking kings. Early in each dynastic period leading pharaohs conquered new territories, sometimes pressing up the Nile River into present-day Sudan, once even moving up the Mediterranean coast of the Middle East.
One pharaoh, Akhenaton, late in Egyptian history, tried to use his power to install a new, one-god religion, replacing the Egyptian pantheon. Many pharaohs commemorated their greatness by building huge pyramids to house themselves and their retinues after death, commanding work crews of up tomen to haul and lift the stone.
The first great pyramid was built around B. Death rituals suggested a concern with extending organization to the afterlife, based on a belief that, through politics, death as well as life could be carefully controlled.
A similar connection between strong political structures and careful funeral arrangements developed in Chinese civilization, though with quite different specific religious beliefs.A.L. Oppenheim's work is certainly outdated in some respects but his work remains a starting point for any serious student of Assyriology.
Those who seek a more recent overview might want to turn to Snell's 'Life in the Ancient Near East', for a review of social life, or Khurt's 'Ancient Near East' for history. Kings of Assyria Assyria or Athura (Aramaic for Assyria) was a Semitic Akkadian kingdom, extant as a nation state from the late 25th or early–24th century BC to BC centred on the Upper Tigris river, in northern Mesopotamia (present day northern Iraq), that came to .
The Egypt civilization was located all along the Nile River, while the Mesopotamia civilization was located by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The Egypt civilization’s location on the Nile River was a good spot because the Nile River flooded regularly. Comparative Essay Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Thousands of years ago, the first civilizations emerged on the face of the Earth. They weren’t as complex and diverse as some of today’s civilizations, but none the less they were still civilizations.
Concerning the Origin of Peoples. The Ancient Identity of Hungarians The Hungarian-Hebrew Connexion - An essay realized with the valuable contribution of the Hungarian scholar Hargita Csaba -.
Egypt Comparative Essay The first civilizations to exist developed along river valleys. There were four major river valleys, each unique in their own way. Two of the more powerful ones were Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Although these two had many similarities, Egypt had a more peaceful and smooth existence while Mesopotamia’s was more chaotic.