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Kasaragod Lakshadweep According to Ethnologue, the dialects are: The community dialects are: Thus for examples, the survey of the Ezhava dialect of Malayalam, results of which have been published by the Department inhas brought to light the existence of twelve major dialect areas for Malayalam, although the isoglosses are found to crisscross in many instances.
Sub-dialect regions, which could be marked off, were found to be thirty. This number is reported to tally approximately with the number of principalities that existed during the pre-British period in Kerala.
In a few instances at least, as in the case of Venad, Karappuram, Nileswaram and Kumbala, the known boundaries of old principalities are found to coincide with those of certain dialects or sub-dialects that retain their individuality even today.
This seems to reveal the significance of political divisions in Kerala in bringing about dialect difference. Differences between any two given dialects can be quantified in terms of the presence or absence of specific units at each level of the language.
To cite a single example of language variation along the geographical parameter, it may be noted that there are as many as seventy seven different expressions employed by the Ezhavas and spread over various geographical points just to refer to a single item, namely, the flower bunch of coconut.
In addition to these forms most widely spread among the areas specified above, there are dozens of other forms such as 'kotumpu' Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram'katirpu' Kottayamkrali Pathanamthittapattachi, gnannil Kollam'pochata' Palakkad etc.
It may be noted at this point that labels such as "Brahmin Dialect" and "Syrian Caste Dialect" refer to overall patterns constituted by the sub-dialects spoken by the subcastes or sub-groups of each such caste. The most outstanding features of the major communal dialects of Malayalam are summarized below: Lexical items with phonological features reminiscent of Sanskrit e.
The dialect of the educated stratum among the Nairs resembles the Brahmin dialect in many respects. The amount of Sanskrit influence, however, is found to be steadily decreasing as one descends along the parameter of education.
One of the striking features differentiating the Nair dialect from the Ezhava dialect is the phonetic quality of the word-final: In the Nair dialect it is a mid-central unrounded vowel whereas in the Ezhava dialect it is often heard as a lower high back unrounded vowel.
The Syrian Christian dialect of Malayalam is quite close to the Nair dialect, especially in phonology. The speech of the educated section among Syrian Christians and that of those who are close to the church are peculiar in having a number of assimilated as well as unassimilated loan words from English and Syriac.
The few loan words which have found their way into the Christian dialect are assimilated in many cases through the process of de-aspiration.
The Latin Christian dialect of Malayalam is close to the fishermen dialect. It is also influenced by LatinPortuguese and English. It is very much influenced by Arabic and Urdu rather than by Sanskrit or by English. The retroflex continuant zha of the literary dialect is realised in the Muslim dialect as the palatal ya.
Tamil spoken in the Kanyakumari district has many Malayalam words. External influences and loanwords[ edit ] Malayalam has incorporated many elements from other languages over the years, the most notable of these being Sanskrit and later, English.
Malayalam has a substantially high amount of Sanskrit loan words but are seldom used. Another Muslim dialect called Beary bashe is used in the extreme northern part of Kerala and the southern part of Karnataka.
For a comprehensive list of loan words, see Loan words in Malayalam. Geographic distribution and population[ edit ] See also: Kerala Gulf diaspora and States of India by Malayalam speakers Malayalam is a language spoken by the native people of southwestern India from Talapady to Kanyakumari.
According to the Indian census ofthere were 32, speakers of Malayalam in Kerala, making up There were a further2. The number of Malayalam speakers in Lakshadweep is 51, which is only 0. In all, Malayalis made up 3. Of the total 34, Malayalam speakers in India in33, spoke the standard dialects, 19, spoke the Yerava dialect and 31, spoke non-standard regional variations like Eranadan.
There were 7, Malayalam speakers in Australia in The New Zealand census reported 2, speakers. There is also a considerable Malayali population in the Persian Gulf regions, especially in Dubai and Doha.Aug 05, · 🔴 reporter live │ latest malayalam news live │ kerala news │ live updates │ റിപ്പോർട്ടർ ടീവി reporter live watching Live now Importance of Agriculture among the Youth | Sowndarya | Sethu Institute of Technology, Virudhunagar - .
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