Shia view of Ali and Succession to Muhammad Shia Muslims believe that just as a prophet is appointed by God alone, only God has the prerogative to appoint the successor to his prophet. They believe God chose Ali to be Muhammad's successor, infallible, the first caliph khalifah, head of state of Islam.
Sunniter och Shiatranslated by Johanne Teerink.
The major split in Islam is that between the majority Sunnis and the minority Shiites. The split goes back to events in the 7th century: Some in the community felt that this succession was not legitimate, and that the title of caliph really belonged to Ali ibn Abi Talib.
Both sides believe that Mohammed specifically designated their man: Supporters of Abu became the Sunnis, those of ibn Ali the Shiites.
Ulthman at last passed the torch to Ali. When Ali was murdered inthe Caliphate passed to Muawiya, who would found the famous Umayyid Caliphate. Ali was buried in Najaf in what is now Iraq, and the site remains a major Shiite holy site. Sunni refers to the sunnas, or oral traditions and interpretations of the Koran -- a body of work similar to the Jewish Talmud.
Sunnis believe that the position of Caliph should be a position to which one is elected by the religious leaders of the Islamic community, and not dependent on direct lineage from Mohammed. Shiite comes from the word shia, which means "the party of Ali. They consider certain direct descendants of Ali - the Imams - infallible and the true inheritors of Mohammed.
Ali was the first Imam, his son Hassan the second, his second son Hussein the third.
However, their succession ended with the 12th Imam, who went into hiding in Most Shiites believe that the 12th Imam will reemerge someday as the Mahdi or Messiah, and reassert his leadership of the Islamic world.
In the meantime, ayatollahs are elected to serve as caretakers of the faith. Most Sunnis and Shiites are liberal, although not by western standards. In peaceful and prosperous times, there is little conflict between them. But both have more extreme factions as well.
Some Shiites, for example, have a tradition of valuing martyrdom that came out of their early experiences of conflict with the Sunnis. The most famous Sunni extremist faction is the Wahhabi sect, of which Osama bin Laden is possibly a member. It is characterized by radical fundamentalism: The Koran is not to be interpreted but rather taken literally.
There are to be no prayers or other appeals to prophets, saints, or any entity other than God. There are to be no images of or monuments to any supposed Islamic leaders, not even elaborate tombs for famous Moslems. And the Koran is to be the sole source of secular as well as religious law.
Another famous group is the Sufi movement, which can be Sunni or Shiite.
|Sunni Islam||The Muslim use of this term refers to the sayings and living habits of the prophet Muhammad. Both Sunnism and Shiaism are the end products of several centuries of competition between ideologies.|
In this sense, they resemble Zen Buddhism. Sufism is also noted for its use of stories that have layered meanings, much like the parables of Jesus.CIA’s "Queen Of Torture" Married To Former CIA Official Who Urges War Between Sunnis And Shiites.
The controversial couple were on the agency's Bin Laden tracking team together in the s. Sunni and Shia Muslims share the most fundamental Islamic beliefs and articles of faith and are the two main sub-groups in Islam.
They do differ, however, and that separation stemmed initially, not from spiritual distinctions, but political ones. Feb 12, · The Partisans Of Ali. The original split between Sunnis and Shiites occurred soon after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, in the year "There was a .
The divide between Sunnis and Shia is the largest and oldest in the history of Islam.
Members of the two sects have co-existed for centuries and share many fundamental beliefs and practices. But. The major split in Islam is that between the majority Sunnis and the minority Shiites.
The split goes back to events in the 7th century: After Mohammed’s death in , leadership of the Islamic community passed to Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, one of Mohammed’s closest companions. Sunnis and Shiites share the belief that there are five pillars of Islam: (1) the unity of Allah and the prophethood of Muhammad, (2) the five obligatory prayers, .