Panel 14 Girls' education:
Ancient period[ edit ] Portrait emphasizing the female subject's literacy, from Pompeiimid-1st century AD In ancient Rome, upperclass women seem to have been well-educated, some highly so, and were sometimes praised by male historians of the time for their learning and cultivation.
Boys Girls child education girls were educated either together or with similar methods and curriculum. One passage in Livy 's history assumes that the daughter of a centurion would be in school; the social rank of a centurion was typically equivalent to modern perceptions of the "middle class".
The three nuns in front are all holding books, and the middle one appears to be teaching, gesturing to make a point. Medieval education for females was typically tied to a convent. Research has uncovered that several early women educators were in charge of schools for girls: Ita of Ireland - died AD.
Founder and teacher of a co-ed school for girls and boys at her monastery of Cell Ide.
Several important saints studied under her, including St. Successor to the sister of St. Caesarius and abbess of the convent he founded for her nuns, Caesaria the Younger continued the teaching of over a hundred women at the convent and aided in the copying and preservation of books.
Hilda of Whitby - died AD. Founder of the co-ed monastery of Whitby men and women lived in separate housesshe established a center of education in her monastery similar to what was founded by the Frankish nuns. According to the Venerable Bede, "Her prudence was so great, that not only meaner men in their need, but sometimes even kings and princes, sought and received her counsel.
Bertilla - died c. Queen Bathild requested her services for the convent she had founded at Chelle. Her pupils founded convents in other parts of western Europe, including Saxony. Leoba - died AD. Boniface requested her presence on his mission to the Germans and while there she founded an influential convent and school.
Bede the Venerable reports that noble-women were often sent to these schools for girls even if they did not intend to pursue the religious life,  and St. Aldhelm praised their curriculum for including grammar, poetry, and Scriptural study. Herlinda and Renilda also demonstrates that women in these convent schools could be trained in art and music.
There is evidence that other nobles had their daughters educated at the Palace Academy as well. In line with this, authors such as Vincent of Beauvais indicate that the daughters of the nobility were widely given to education so that they could live up to their social position to come.
Early modern period, humanist attitudes[ edit ] Konrad Witz depicted Saint Catharine of Alexandria on the right as a crowned scholar holding a book.
The patron saint of learning, Catholic hagiography credited Catharine with having won a dispute with fifty of the best pagan philosophers and orators of her time. In early modern Europe, the question of female education had become a commonplace one, in other words a literary topos for discussion.
Around Leonardo Bruni wrote De studies et letteris,  addressed to Baptista di Montefeltro, the daughter of Antonio II da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino ; it commends the study of Latin, but warns against arithmeticgeometryastrology and rhetoric.
Christine de Pisan 's Livre des Trois Vertus is contemporary with Bruni's book, and sets down the things which a lady or baroness living on her estates ought to be able to do. When Johannes Sturm published Latin correspondence with Ascham centred on the achievements in humanist study of Elizabeth and other high-ranking English persons, in Konrad Heresbach 's De laudibus Graecarum literarum oratiothe emphasis was on the nobility of those tackling the classics, rather than gender.
Mary Wollstonecraftwho worked as a teacher, governess, and school-owner, wrote of it in those terms. The Commission of National Education in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealthfounded inconsidered the first Ministry of Education in history, was a central, autonomous body responsible for nationwide, secular and coeducational training.
In the late 19th century, in what was then the Russian province of Polandin response to the lack of higher training for women, the so-called Flying University was organized, where women were taught covertly by Polish scholars and academics.
Much education was channelled through religious establishments.Sep 25, · Every day, girls face barriers to education caused by poverty, cultural norms and practices, poor infrastructure, violence and fragility.
Girls’ education is a strategic development priority for the World Bank.
Girl's Education Every Girl Deserves a Chance to Learn. A girl is not a statistic or a piece of property. She's a child who deserves a future. Girls the world over face . Education Uprooted report: For every migrant, refugee and displaced child, education An advocacy brief provides essential data and information on educational challenges faced by nearly 50 million children on the move and children uprooted by conflict.
In Malawi, 45% of adolescent girls with no education become pregnant, but with a secondary education, the number is reduced to 4%. Through the Community Score Card process, the community identified the need to create a Youth Club to tackle the issue of adolescent pregnancy. Raise awareness of issues facing girls internationally surrounding education, nutrition, child marriage, legal and medical rights: For example, educating Girls helps reduce the rate of child marriage, disease and helps strengthen the economy by helping Wikimedia Commons has media related to International Day of the Girl Child.
International Day of the Girl Child is an international observance day declared by the United Nations; it is also called the Day of Girls and the International Day of the .