Expressionism in early 20th century art

Abstract Expressionism, broad movement in American painting that began in the late s and became a dominant trend in Western painting during the s. Most of these artists worked, lived, or exhibited in New York City.

Expressionism in early 20th century art


Tiger By Franz Marc. One of the of the German Expressionist school. Forerunners Perhaps the earliest exemplar of German Expressionism was the intense German religious painter Matthias Grunewald Some years later, Vincent Van Gogh became a major influence on early expressionists. Edvard Munchthe best known Norwegian and Scandinavian painter was another forerunner, whose pictures like those of Van Gogh chart his mental decline.

Witness his famous oil, tempera and pastel painting The Scream c. Another forerunner was the Worpswede Group, an artists' colony formed ina year before Van Gogh's tragic death. Worpswede painting was initially performed in the plein-air stylelike the French communes at BarbizonConcarneau and Pont-Avenbut quickly acquired a more modern expressionist edge.

Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider)

The foremost Worpswede artist was Paula Modersohn-Beckerthe pioneer Expressionist, a member from until her death nine years later. German Expressionists Influenced by Van Gogh, Edvard Munch, Fauvism - the Post-Impressionist colourist school led by Henri Matisse - and the emotive wood carving of the sculptor Ernst BarlachGerman Expressionism created dramatic, compelling portrayals of scenes and people.

Influenced by primitive painting like that of Paul GauguinDie Brucke art expressed radical social views through modern urban scenes, landscape and figure painting.

Witness its garish colour-palette, bold outlines and direct compositions. Specifically, according to its art manifesto ofDie Brucke aimed 'to achieve freedom of life and action against the well established older forces'.

To do this, they combined traditional art, with African and Oceanic South Pacific motifs, as well as tribal art and Fauvist colouring, to create an ultimately modern style.

Its most famous painters were the Russian born Wassily Kandinsky and the German painter and printmaker Franz Marc InKandinsky and Marc split from the rest of the Neue Kunstler Vereiningung and began exhibiting their paintings under the banner of Der Blaue Reiter.

It remained a loose association rather than a coherent group like Die Brucke, although in Marc and Kandinsky published their Almanach Der Blaue Reiter, a collection of essays on art. Their general aim was to inject art with spiritual values, using colour as a primary mechanism.

Expressionism in early 20th century art

The significance of the name Blue Rider remains unclear. Marc believed that animals had an innocence which made them superior to humans, and the colour blue might have had a special meaning for Kandinsky, as he could hear colours as well as see them - a condition known as synaesthesia.

An older convert to German expressionism was the Prussian Impressionist painter Lovis Corinthwho became noted for his landscapes, self-portraits and religious paintings. Its leading members were the expressionist painters Otto Dix and George Grosz whose bitter and highly critical images of the decadence and corruption of Weimar Germany constitute a satire of the human condition everywhere.

See also Grosz's associate, the Dada photomontage artist John Heartfield Other 20th century painters associated with the group included Christian Schad and Max Beckmannbest known for his powerful self-portraitssuch as the prophetic Self-Portrait with Horn and Self-Portrait in Olive and Brown Important works of art from Die Neue Sachlichkeit include: Most German Expressionist artworks were condemned by the ex-artist Hitler in as ' degenerate art ' entartete Kunstalthough the propagandist travelling exhibition of such works actually widened their appeal.

Expressionism | artistic style |

Other Expressionists Other European expressionist painters of the era included: Alexei von Jawlensky - "the Russian Matisse" - known for his small richly coloured portraits such as Head of a Woman ; Oskar Kokoschkaknown for his expressionist portraiture like Portrait of a Degenerate Artist ; and the self-destructive prodigy Egon Schiele notorious for his raw nude self-portraits and tense, nervous imagery.

Another great expressionist painter was the Parisian based Italian genius Amadeo Modiglianiwhose portraits and splashy nudes form a unique blend of Cubist fragmentation and Matisse-style simplication.

Although this article focuses on German expressionist painting, reference should be made to the two great exponents of German expressionist sculpture who were active in Germany in the run-up to World War I.

These are the wood carver Ernst Barlach and the troubled Gothic-inspired Wilhelm Lehmbrucknoted for his bronze and stone figures.Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas.

Expressionism and Symbolism are broad rubrics encompassing several important and related movements in 20th-century painting that dominated much of the avant-garde art being made in Western, Eastern, and Northern Europe. Expressionist works were painted largely between World War I and World War II, mostly in France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Belgium, and Austria.

A term used to denote the use of distortion and exaggeration for emotional effect, which first surfaced in the art literature of the early twentieth century. Expressionism. ERNST LUDWIG KIRCHNER () 'Davos under Snow', (oil on canvas) Expressionism is a term that embraces an early 20th century style of art, music and literature that is charged with an emotional and spiritual vision of the world.

One hundred years ago today, on July 14, , an avant-garde European artistic and literary movement called Dadaism—or simply Dada—was officially born in Zurich, Switzerland.

World War I was. Modern Art Timeline 1 gives an explanation of the most important artists, movements and styles of painting from Impressionism to De Stijl.

Expressionism - Wikipedia