The act stipulated that, after the death of the childless Queen Anne the last legitimate Stuart monarch the British monarchy should be Protestant and Hanoverian. The Hanoverian era continued through four successive Georges and ended with the last representative of the line, William IV, who died in
It was a tremendously exciting period when many artistic styles, literary schools, as well as, social, political and religious movements flourished. It was a time of prosperity, broad imperial expansion, and great political reform.
It was also a time, which today we associate with "prudishness" and "repression". Without a doubt, it was an extraordinarily complex age, that has sometimes been called the Second English Renaissance. It is, however, also the beginning of Modern Times.
The social classes of England were newly reforming, and fomenting. There was a churning upheaval of the old hierarchical order, and the middle classes were steadily growing. The definition of what made someone a gentleman or a lady was, therefore, changing at what some thought was an alarming rate.
By the end of the century, it was silently agreed that a gentleman was someone who had a liberal public private school education preferably at Eton, Rugby, or Harrowno matter what his antecedents might be. There continued to be a large and generally disgruntled working class, wanting and slowly getting reform and change.
Conditions of the working class were still bad, though, through the century, three reform bills gradually gave the vote to most males over the age of twenty-one. Contrasting to that was the horrible reality of child labor which persisted throughout the period.
When a bill was passed stipulating that children under nine could not work in the textile industry, this in no way applied to other industries, nor did it in any way curb rampant teenaged prostitution.
The Victorian Era was also a time of tremendous scientific progress and ideas. Darwin took his Voyage of the Beagle, and posited the Theory of Evolution. The Great Exhibition of took place in London, lauding the technical and industrial advances of the age, and strides in medicine and the physical sciences continued throughout the century.
The radical thought associated with modern psychiatry began with men like Sigmund Feud toward the end of the era, and radical economic theory, developed by Karl Marx and his associates, began a second age of revolution in mid-century.
The ideas of Marxism, socialism, feminism churned and bubbled along with all else that happened. The dress of the early Victorian era was similar to the the Georgian age.
Their ties, known then as cravats, and the various ways they might be tied could change, the styles of shirts, jackets, and hats also, but trousers have remained.
Throughout the century, it was stylish for men to wear facial hair of all sizes and descriptions. The clean shaven look of the Regency was out, and mustaches, mutton-chop sideburns, Piccadilly Weepers, full beards, and Van Dykes worn by Napoleon III were the order of the day.
The "prudishness" and "repressiveness" that we associate with this era is, I believe, a somewhat erroneous association.
Though, people referred to arms and legs as limbs and extremities, and many other things that make us titter, it is, in my opinion, because they had a degree of modesty and a sense of propriety that we hardly understand today.
The latest biographies of Queen Victoria describe her and her husband, Albert, of enjoying erotic art, and certainly we know enough about the Queen from the segment on her issue, to know that she did not in anyway shy away from the marriage bed.
The name sake of this period was hardly a prude, but having said that, it is necessary to understand that the strictures and laws for 19th Century Society were so much more narrow and defined that they are today, that we must see this era as very codified and strict.
Naturally, to an era that takes more liberties, this would seem harsh and unnatural. Culturally, the novel continued to thrive through this time.The Victorian era is generally agreed to stretch through the reign of Queen Victoria ().
It was a tremendously exciting period when many artistic styles, literary schools, as well as, social, political and religious movements flourished.
Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England (Jutes and the Angles) c.
, after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in These works include genres such as epic poetry. Antiques and Personal Property Appraisals.
Kathi Jablonsky, ISA CAPP is a full time Certified Appraiser of Personal Property.
Designated with the International Society of Appraisers in Antiques, Furnishings + Decorative Art. Nineteen years of personal property appraisal experience, since Period Introduction Overview The Victorian Age, During the Victorian Age, England changed as much and as dramatically as it had in all of its previous history.
No-one wants to talk about these crimes because, for many of us, they are too horrific to believe and the gap from trusted spiritual leader to paedophile is just too difficult for many to traverse. Mar 29, · During the Victorian age, Britain was the world's most powerful nation. Though not always effortlessly, it was able to maintain a world order which rarely threatened Britain's wider strategic.