During the early century, the Spaniard in order to populate the country took Taino Indian women as brides. Later on as labor was needed to maintain crops and build roads, African slaves were imported, followed by the importation of Chinese immigrants, then continued with the arrival of Italians, French, German, and even Lebanese people. Puerto Rico became a colony of the United States in and many American expatriates came to the island. Long after Spain had lost control of Puerto Rico, Spanish immigrants continued to arrive on the island.
The island and its citizens are self-governed as a free associated state of the United States. The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan. Area 3, square miles 8, square kilometers.
The people of Puerto Rico have patria—a love for their island.
It accepts the free association with the mainland but emphasizes loyalty to their own culture, way of life, spirit, folklore, hospitality, and ways of getting along with others. On the mainland, they may seek material wealth and educational and other opportunities for their children.
Puerto Rico has a greater variety of economic activities and a better developed transportation network than many other Caribbean islands. Its social conditions are advanced by Latin American standards, partly because of its ties with the United States.
Puerto Rico lies at the eastern end of the major island chain of the Caribbean, the Greater Antilles. The other islands in the chain— CubaJamaicaand Hispaniola Haiti and the Dominican Republic —are larger and geographically more diverse.
The two largest island dependencies—Vieques and Culebra—lie east of Puerto Rico proper. In the west are three smaller island dependencies—Mona, Monito, and Desecheo.
Puerto Rico has a relatively smooth coastline. It is fringed by many small islands and cays, especially in the south and east. The island is roughly rectangular in shape. It stretches for about miles kilometers from east to west between Punta Jiguero and Punta Puerca.
Relatively deep oceanic waters surround Puerto Rico. The Mona Passage separates the island from Hispaniola to the west. The passage is about 75 miles kilometers wide and more than 3, feet 1, meters deep. It is 28, feet 8, meters deep. The basin is some 16, feet 5, meters deep.
Only to the east of the island is there a broad continental shelf. There the islands of Vieques and Culebra are structural continuations of the nearby Virgin Islands. Its surface consists largely of hills, slopes, and mountains.
The mountainous core is formed by the Cordillera Central and the Sierra de Luquillo. They are continuations of the Cordillera Central on neighboring Hispaniola.
Both mountain ranges represent uplifted old surfaces strongly dissected by river erosion. Hill regions of equal irregularity and unevenness extend north and south of these mountains. Only 30 percent of the island can be classified as level or undulating.Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit.
"Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") [b] and briefly called Porto Rico, [c]    is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1, miles (1, km) southeast of Miami, Florida.
The advent of the commonwealth in did not end debates over Puerto Rico's culture and colonial status. Many people view the changes over the last century as modernization and the introduction of a corporate capitalist culture that has spread around the world without erasing cultural differences.
- The Culture and Music of Puerto Rico In the first decade of American rule, Puerto Rican culture was influenced drastically by its status as a US possession. Although the political and economic aspects of American influence were very significant, American rule also had a great impact on Puerto Rican culture.
Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean Sea, about 1, mi east-southeast of Miami, Florida. To be more precise, Puerto Rico is located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands.
Sep 28, · Four years later, Puerto Rico would officially become a U.S. commonwealth, which enabled the island to create its own constitution and granted other powers of self-government. The advent of the commonwealth in did not end debates over Puerto Rico's culture and colonial status.
Many people view the changes over the last century as modernization and the introduction of a corporate capitalist culture that has spread around the world without erasing cultural differences.