This type of instruction is a central source of information for adolescents. The first dedicated federal funding stream for evaluation of adolescent sexual health programs was established in and has contributed to improvement in the quality and quantity of evaluation research.
November 1, DOI: Adolescent pregnancy, birth, abortion and sexually transmitted disease STD rates are much higher in the United States than in most other developed countries.
Government statistics or nationally representative survey data were supplemented with data collected by private organizations or for regional or local populations to conduct studies of adolescent births, abortions, sexual activity and contraceptive use in Canada, the United States, Sweden, France and Great Britain.
A lower proportion of teenage pregnancies are resolved through abortion in the United States than in the other countries; however, because of their high pregnancy rate, U. The age of sexual debut varies little across countries, yet American teenagers are the most likely to have multiple partners.
A greater proportion of U. Data on contraceptive use are more important than data on sexual activity in explaining variation in levels of adolescent pregnancy and childbearing among the five developed countries; however, the higher level of multiple sexual partnership among American teenagers may help explain their higher STD rates.
Family Planning Perspectives,33 5: Large differences in adolescent pregnancy rates were also identified in the early s in a comparative study of developed countries. Building on this body of information and using the most recent data available, we address the following questions: How large are cross-country differences in pregnancy, birth and abortion rates, and to what extent are current differences associated with variation across countries in sexual behavior and contraceptive use?
These results are part of a large-scale investigation that examined reasons for the wide variation in teenage pregnancy and birth rates among five developed countries: All of these factors are likely to affect adolescent reproductive behavior. In addition to having a higher adolescent pregnancy rate, the United States has higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases STDs among adolescents than most other developed countries.
The annual incidence of gonorrhea among all U.
Large differences in pregnancy and STD rates may be due to differences in the proportion of adolescent women who are sexually active and, therefore, are at risk of pregnancy and infection. Alternatively, they may be related to variation among sexually active adolescent women in the steps that they take to prevent pregnancy and STD infection, including their use of contraceptives, their choice of method and the effectiveness of their method use.
While we do not have information on all of these measures, some information is available to help us assess variation in the two key factors of sexual activity and method use across countries. Data and Methodology Case Studies The design of this collaborative study was to carry out in-depth case studies in five countries.
To maximize comparability, we worked with a research team in each of the five study countries who followed a common outline and approach in gathering information and in preparing a report on their country.
Each report included a comparable set of tables on adolescent sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and birth, abortion and pregnancy rates, broken down by available socioeconomic measures. The collaborative process included two workshops and field visits by the study-team leaders to each of the focus countries.
This article synthesizes key findings from the five country case-study reports regarding adolescent pregnancy, birth and abortion rates, and sexual and contraceptive behavior. Birth data were obtained from published vital statistics reports and from unpublished government data provided by special request to the study teams.
Data on births are close to completely reported for these five developed countries, which all have long-established birth registration systems. Data on the number of abortions occurring to adolescents were also obtained from government statistical agencies.
Abortion is legal on broad grounds in all five countries, and reporting of all procedures is required in Canada, France, Great Britain and Sweden and in most U. Reporting of abortion procedures is believed to be nearly complete in Canada, Great Britain and Sweden. Rates are calculated as the number of events for example, births per 1, women aged per year.Jun 09, · The report found a sharp decline in sexual activity among teens.
It also found marked declines last year in the proportion of students who said had sex recently, had sex before they were The Me Too movement (or #MeToo movement), with many local and international alternatives, is a movement against sexual harassment and sexual assault.
#MeToo spread virally in October as a hashtag used on social media in an attempt to demonstrate the widespread prevalence of sexual assault and harassment, especially in the workplace. It followed soon after the sexual misconduct allegations.
This course prepares students for success in their academic and professional careers. The foundations of professional success are established through the introduction and use of MS Office resources, Bellevue University Library resources and self-assessments.
Teens and Risky Sexual Behavior: What School Counselors Need to Know Graduate Degree/ Major: MS School Counseling sexual activity and how to maintain confidentiality is presented in this study.
high school students had had sexual intercourse, and 15% of high school students had had four or. Many young people engage in sexual risk behaviors and experiences that can result in unintended health outcomes. For example, among U.S. high school students surveyed in 1 40% had ever had sexual intercourse.
10% had four or more sexual partners. 7% had been physically forced to have sexual. Middle school youth are engaging in sexual intercourse as early as age 12, according to a new study. Researchers examined sexual risk behaviors among middle school students in a large southeastern.